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Mudra Dharana
Gopichandana Nama Mudra Dharana


For the spritual progress of a Human Being, both अन्तर्दीक्षा (internal austerity) as well as बाह्यदीक्षा (external austerity) are quite essential. While noble thoughts and devotion to God constitute the अन्तर्दीक्षा, practices such as Gopichandana Nama Mudra Dharana constitue the बाह्यदीक्षा (external austerity). Many of our holy scriptures proclaim that both of these are very essential for a person.

ये शङ्खचक्राङ्कितबाहुमूलाः
कण्ठावलम्बिसरसीरुहबीजमालाः ।
ये वा ललाटफलके रचितोर्ध्वपुण्ड्राः
ते वैष्णवा भुवनमाशु पवित्रयन्ति ।।


Those are the true Vaishnavas,
who instantly purify the world,
who adore Urdhva Pundra on their forhead,
sport Shankha, Chakra on their shoulder,
and (Tulasi and ) Kamalaksha Malas around their neck.




Procedure for Mudradharana for Men

What you need:
1. A block of Gopichandana
2. Two separate vessels (one containing water for achamana and other for Vishnu nirmalya)
3. Pancha Mudra Set (Chakra, Shanka, Gada, Padma, Narayana Mudra)

 

In the morning wake up as early as possible and take bath with proper sankalpa. Then wear "austere clothes" (pancha and uttariya). The Upendra form of Vishnu is to be remembered while wearing clothes. After duly wearing the clothes, recite the following mantra:

apavitraH pavitro vA sarvAvasthAM gato.api vA .

yaH smaret puNDarIkAxaM sa bAhyAbhyantaraH suchiH ..

Inspite of all our efforts to keep oursevles pure, we knowingly or unknowingly become impure by our deeds and thoughts. So, pray to Pundarikaksha  Vishnu. He wil, at once, render you pure, both internally and externally.

Now is the time to do Achamana, Pranayama and Sankalpa for Gopichandana Mudra Dharana.

Detailed information about Achamana, Pranayama and Sankalpa would be given in a separate article. Here it is assumed that the reader is familiar with these procedures.

For wearing Gopichandana and Mudras, the sankalpa should conclude thus - shrI bhAratIramaNa mukhyaprANantargata shrI viShNu preraNayA shrI viShNuprItyartham gopIchandana tilakAyudha tulasIkAShTamAlAdi dhAraNaM kariShye.

Prayer to Gopichandana

Now say this prayer  to the auspicious Gopichandana to remove all sins and lead you to liberation

gopIchandana pApaghna viShNudeha samudbhava .

chakrAnkita namastubhyaM dhAraNAnmuktido bhava ..

O gopichandana, born from the body of Vishnu, the remover of sins, O chakrAnkita, I salute you. I smear you on my body, do lead me to salvation.

Now, put some water on your left palm and rub the  block of Gopichandana in clock-wise direction to create a soft paste.

Say the following prayers

 

Sl.No When What to say...?
1 Fetching water

imaM me gange yamune sarasvati shutudri stomam sachatA paruShNyA.

asiknyA marudvR^idhe vitastayA.a.arjIkIye shR^iNuhyA sushomayA ..(R^ig 10.75.5) 

2 Placing gopichandana on the left palm to extract paste

gandhadvArAM durAdharshAM nityapuShTAm karIShiNIm .

IshvarIM sarvabhUtAnAM tAmihopahvaye shriyam ..

3 While extracting paste

viShNornukaM vIryAni pravocam yaH pArthivAni vimame rajAMsi .

yo askabhAyaduttaraM sadasthaM vichakramANastredhorugAyaH ..

4 On the extracted paste write Nrisimha Bijakshara
5. close your left palm with right palm ato deva avantu no yato viShNurvicakrame . prithivyA saptadhAmabhiH . idaM viShnurvicakrame tredhA nidhAdhe padaM . samUlhamasya pAMsure ..
 
..do..
om shrIviShNave namaha (three times)
   Apply the gopichandana (see table below)  

 

Procedure for nama mudra dharana as enshrined in Shri Vishnupurana.

Sl.No Place on body Shape Saying ... (during Shukla Paksha) Saying ... (during Krishna Paksha)
1 Lalata - Forhead Dandakara (apply vertically up with index finger and then wipe the central part with a fine cloth splitting it into two parellel lines) Keshavaya Namaha Sankarshanaya Namaha
2 Udara Madhya - Middle of Stomach Deepakriti (in the shape of a lamp) Narayanaya Namaha Vasudevaya Namaha
3 Vakshasthalam - Middle portion of Chest Kamala (like the bud of Kamala flower) Madhavaya Namaha Pradyumnaya Namaha
4 Kantha Madhya - Front Middle portion of neck Deepakriti (in the shape of a lamp) Govindaya Namaha Aniruddhaya Namaha
5 Udara Dakshina - Right Side of Stomach Deepakriti (in the shape of a lamp) Vishnave Namaha Purushottamaya Namaha
6 Dakshina Bhuja - Right shoulder Venupatrakriti (in the shape of the leaf of a Bamboo tree) Madhusudanaya Namaha Adhokshajaya Namaha
7 Kantha Dakshina - Right Side of the Neck Deepakriti (in the shape of a lamp) Trivikramaya Namaha Narasimhaya Namaha
8 Udara Vama - Left Side of Stomach Deepakriti (in the shape of a lamp) Vamanaya Namaha Achyutaya Namaha
9 Vama Bhuja - Left Shoulder Venupatrakriti (in the shape of the leaf of a Bamboo tree) Shridharaya Namaha Janardanaya Namaha
10 Kantha Vama - Left Side of the Neck Deepakriti (in the shape of a lamp) Hrushikeshaya Namaha Upendraya Namaha
11 Prishta Adhobhaga - Back side on the lower spinal chord Deepakriti (in the shape of a lamp) Padmanabhaya Namaha Haraye Namaha
12 Katha Prishta Bhaga - Back side of the Neck Deepakriti (in the shape of a lamp) Damodaraya Namaha Sri Krishaya Namaha

 

The mudrA dhAraNa vidhi according to prakAsha saMhita is as follows

chakra mudrA

2 beside right eye

4 on stomach

2 on chest

2 on right hand

between two gadA mudrAs on left hand

2 on right side of neck

1 on the beginning portion of neck

1 on upper portion of spinal chord

1 on lower portion of spinal chord

Sha~Nka mudrA

2 beside left eye

2 on left chest

between two padma mudrAs on right hand

2 on left hand

2 on left side of neck

1 on chest

1 on back of neck

1 on upper portion of spinal chord

gadA mudrA

1 on forehead

2 on left hand (below two sha~Nka mudrA)

padma mudrA

1 on central portion of chest

2 on right hand (below two chakra mudrAs)

1 on right portion of chest

nArAyaNa mudrA

on all mudrAs

on top of the head (one should wear all the five mudrAs on top of head)

 
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